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React makes it painless to create interactive UIs. Design simple views for each state in your application, and React will efficiently update and render just the right components when your data changes. You can test React components directly in a real browser using WebdriverIO and its browser runner.


To setup WebdriverIO within your React project, follow the instructions in our component testing docs. Make sure to select react as preset within your runner options, e.g.:

// wdio.conf.js
export const config = {
// ...
runner: ['browser', {
preset: 'react'
// ...

If you are already using Vite as development server you can also just re-use your configuration in vite.config.ts within your WebdriverIO config. For more information, see viteConfig in runner options.

The React preset requires @vitejs/plugin-react to be installed. Also we recommend using Testing Library for rendering the component into the test page. Therefor you'll need to install the following additional dependencies:

npm install --save-dev @testing-library/react @vitejs/plugin-react

You can then start the tests by running:

npx wdio run ./wdio.conf.js

Writing Tests

Given you have the following React component:

import React, { useState } from 'react'

function App() {
const [theme, setTheme] = useState('light')

const toggleTheme = () => {
const nextTheme = theme === 'light' ? 'dark' : 'light'

return <button onClick={toggleTheme}>
Current theme: {theme}

export default App

In your test use the render method from @testing-library/react to attach the component to the test page. To interact with the component we recommend to use WebdriverIO commands as they behave more close to actual user interactions, e.g.:

import { expect } from '@wdio/globals'
import { render, screen } from '@testing-library/react'
import userEvent from '@testing-library/user-event'

import * as matchers from '@testing-library/jest-dom/matchers'

import App from './components/Component.jsx'

describe('React Component Testing', () => {
it('Test theme button toggle', async () => {
render(<App />)
const buttonEl = screen.getByText(/Current theme/i)

await $(buttonEl).click()

You can find a full example of a WebdriverIO component test suite for React in our example repository.

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